Updated on 19 October, 2021
Diabetes is one of the world's prominent health problems nowadays. There are three common forms of diabetes namely Type I diabetes: also known as juvenile diabetes and can only be diagnosed by undergoing a simple diabetes test. Type II diabetes: this is the most severe form of diabetes and occurs later in life and is confirmed by proper medical diagnosis. Women who have diabetes usually develop menopause. The symptoms for diabetes can appear at any point in time but they generally start showing up after an approximate age of 50.
It is important to have a complete physical examination when you visit your doctor for check-up. A complete blood count, fasting plasma sugar level, and urinalysis are the basic tests that are normally done during a check-up. When you visit your doctor for check-up he will usually also perform an oral glucose tolerance test called the oral glucose tolerance test orOGTT. This type of test is a diagnostic test which measures the amount of sugar in your blood after you consume a glucose solution.
If you have two or more of the symptoms listed below and you suspect that you may have diabetes then you should definitely have yourself tested. Some of these common symptoms are frequent urination, thirst, hunger, headache, nausea and excessive fatigue. The symptoms of diabetes can become pretty severe as mentioned earlier and if you exhibit even one of them then you should immediately have yourself tested. The most severe symptoms would be frequent urination and dehydration. You can have diabetes without having any symptoms as frequently as long as you are not experiencing any other symptoms and the conditions mentioned are not present.
The first type of home diabetes tests is done at home. These include the following procedures: fasting plasma glucose test, oral glucose tolerance test or fasting insulin test and the phototest. These procedures are usually easy and convenient to do and only require the attendance of the healthcare professional. Home healthcare testing does not require any special medications and it is painless.
Fasting plasma glucose test is one of the easiest home diabetes tests and it can be done within 10 minutes. For this procedure, you will be required to stop eating solid foods for about one hour and drink water only. You will then be asked to fast for three hours. After the period of fasting, your healthcare professional will draw a blood sample from the vein. The sample will be sent to the lab for analysis.
The second type of home diabetes test is performed with the use of the oral A1C tests. In this procedure, your healthcare professional will administer a gel by gloving some glucose strip into your cheek. The gel is placed on your tongue and then it is swabbed on the interior of your cheek. This allows the blood sugar level in your body to rise gradually. It also allows the blood sugar level in your body to remain constant.
The third type is the phototest. This is also known as the spit test and it is commonly done with the first meal after a person has stopped eating solid food. A small amount of your blood will be drawn from the wrist. You will then be asked to spit into a container. Your saliva will contain the amounts of glucose in your blood as well as other hormones and chemicals that could affect your diabetes.
Home Diabetes Test kits are now available on the market. The kits come with a saliva collection kit and a test strip. You will be able to collect a urine and a saliva sample two hours after you eat and two hours after a drink. There is no need to wait for results. All the results are delivered in about two hours.