Updated on 19 October, 2021
A drug test kit is an extremely technical examination of an actual biological sample, such as blood, urine, saliva, hair, breath, and/or blood to reveal the presence or lack of specific parent substances or their metabolizers. It is highly recommended that drug test kits be employed for the proper assessment and confirmation of drug use by individuals under the influence of drugs. The procedures involved in the administration of drug test kits, as well as their accuracy, reliability, and effectiveness can be greatly enhanced through education and information from well-versed professionals in the field. It is of vital importance that parents, school teachers, law enforcement officials, and other responsible adults be informed of the procedures involved in administering a drug test so that they may perform them properly and minimize the possibility of improper drug testing. In general, it is the responsibility of the individual to ensure that he or she adheres to all of the recommendations set forth in this document.
To begin, it is very important to note that there are two basic types of drug testing methods. These include the urine tests and the oral fluid tests. Urine tests are generally considered the more accurate of the two since the blood draws from the lungs are not used to measure for the presence of certain controlled substances. However, it should also be noted that the results from these types of drug tests may be inconclusive or contradictory. Also, the results of these tests may not necessarily be reflective of whether or not the individual has had alcohol or other drugs at the time of testing.
The 5-Panel Drug Test is perhaps the most well-known and widely used drug testing method, and can be found in many schools, law enforcement agencies, and other industries. The process of utilizing this drug testing method involves: A collection of hair from the suspect's head, or from another individual who has been provided with consent from the suspect; a sample is then analyzed by a device called a tester, which analyzes the results to determine whether or not a controlled substance is present in the person's blood or urine. Typically, a patient will be asked to submit to several blood or urine tests over a period of weeks in order to verify whether or not a substance is in his or her system. This particular method is the most accurate of the two tested, but it has its limitations.
The 12-Panel Drug Test is designed to yield the most accurate results possible. In this type of drug testing method, samples are taken from the subjects blood or urine, and then analyzed by a machine called a chemistry analyzer. The results are displayed immediately on a computer screen, and then the subject is asked to provide a formal oral statement. Generally, this type of drug testing method is often used by law enforcement officials in conjunction with other data such as age, current state of health, or whether or not the individual has previously had any drug related convictions.
The 10-Panel Drug Test consists of three separate panels: A physical exam, a medical history form, and a physical test for benzodiazepines. The physician reads the medical history form, and asks a series of questions regarding past illness, current medications, any alcohol/drug use, and potential allergies. After receiving the information from the patient, the physician takes a brief look at the medical history form. Then, the physician inserts a pen-like device called a probe into the patients hand and inserts a drop of liquid benzodiazepines into the patients system. If the patient shows positive for the presence of a benzodiazepine in his system, a panel will be generated. If the patient does not have a benzodiazepine in his system, the probe will not generate a panel, and will be ignored.
The Hair Follicle Test results indicate whether or not a person has active hair follicles. Generally, drug testing methods are designed to detect the presence of certain controlled substances. Typically, drugs that are tested for include: amphetamines, barbiturates, cocaine, crystal meth, heroin, OxyContin, methamphetamine, and possession of marijuana. Some hair follicle drug tests do not require the use of a hair follicle-based probe, so they may not require a prescription for use.
Drug testing kits generally contain temperature strips, cotton swabs, or lancets that can be used to detect the presence of controlled substances. Most drug testing kits require the home or car of the patient to be subjected to an initial screening, usually consisting of a drug test kit, an alcohol swab, and a hair follicle testing strip or lancet. The strip or lancet is inserted into the patients skin through the use of a disposable plastic syringe, and the temperature of the strip or lancet is noted. If the temperature of the strip or lancet changes, this could indicate the presence of one or more controlled substances in the patient's body.
In addition to hair testing, most drug test kits can also detect various kinds of medications in people. These include blood, urine, or saliva drug testing kits. Each of these drug kits has its own specific set of criteria for what substances can and cannot be tested. Each type of kit can be used to conduct separate tests on individuals, so it is important to be sure you understand exactly what the kit is designed to detect before purchasing it.